Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

The effects of socio-economic status on BMI, waist : hip ratio and waist circumference in a group of Iranian women

(2008) The effects of socio-economic status on BMI, waist : hip ratio and waist circumference in a group of Iranian women. Public Health Nutrition. pp. 757-761. ISSN 1368-9800

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000256974000016

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on BMI, waist:hip ratio (WHR) and waist circumference (WC) in a group of Iranian women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 888 women in Sistan and Baluchestan Province. SES was measured using level of education. In addition, parity, marital status and physical activity were assessed. Standardized measurements were taken, BMI and WHR were calculated. Results: Low education level was a strong determinant of overweight and obesity among Iranian women. After controlling for age, women with higher education level had significantly lower BMI, WC and parity. Multiple linear regression analysis found a significant negative association of BMI and WC with education level and a significant positive association of BMI and WC with parity. Significant factors associated with obesity by a logistic regression model were education level (OR for university graduates v. illiterate or low literacy levels: 1.00 v. 3.70; P=0.01), living with spouse (OR for married v. single subjects: 1.00 v. 0.15; P=0.05), parity (OR for more than five v. less than two pregnancies: 1.00 v. 0.34; P=0.03) and WC (OR for <0.88 cm v. >= 0.88 cm: 1.00 v. 11.20; P=0.001). Conclusion: The present study revealed that educational level, multiple pregnancies, marital Status and lack of exercise are some possible explanations for the obesity among Sistan and Baluchestan women.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: socio-economic status BMI waist : hip ratio waist circumference Iranian women body-mass index cardiovascular risk-factors chinese urban-population weight control practices united-states physical-activity obesity adults trends determinants Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Nutrition & Dietetics
Page Range: pp. 757-761
Journal or Publication Title: Public Health Nutrition
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 11
Number: 7
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980007001577
ISSN: 1368-9800
Depositing User: خانم مهدیه رضائی پور
URI: http://eprints.zaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2849

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