Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

Relationship between seminal antioxidant enzymes and the phospholipid and fatty acid composition of spermatozoa

(2008) Relationship between seminal antioxidant enzymes and the phospholipid and fatty acid composition of spermatozoa. Reproductive Biomedicine Online. pp. 649-656. ISSN 1472-6483

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000255811800009

Abstract

Sperm cell membranes are susceptible to peroxidative damage through an excess of reactive oxygen species. The objective of this study was to determine seminal plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and relate these to phospholipid profiles and phospholipid-esterified fatty acid composition of spermatozoa. Seminal plasma GPX and SOD activity, phospholipid, phospholipid-esterified fatty acid composition and malondialdehyde (MDA) of spermatozoa were assayed in 10 normozoospermic and 25 asthenozoospermic subjects. Mean seminal GPX and SOD activity in normozoospermic men were not significantly different from asthenozoospennic men. A significant positive correlation was observed between seminal plasma GPX activity and phosphatidylcholine content (r = +0.77, P = 0.037) and there was a significant negative correlation with lysophosphatidylcholine content (r = -0.89, P = 0.02) in normozoospermic sperm samples. Positive correlations were found between SOD activity and polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of spermatozoa. MDA content in the spermatozoa of asthenozoospermic subjects was significantly higher than in normozoospermic males (P < 0.05). Negative correlations were found between MDA content and seminal SOD activity and arachidonic acid content of spermatozoa from normozoospermic samples (r = -0.5; P = 0.046, r = -0.9; P = 0.001 respectively). Seminal plasma GPX and SOD provide protection against lipid peroxidation of phospholipid and phospholipid-bound fatty acids in normozoospermic samples.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: glutathione peroxidase phospholipid polyunsaturated fatty acid semen superoxide dismutase spontaneous lipid-peroxidation superoxide-dismutase male-infertility glutathione-peroxidase sperm motility oxidative stress male-fertility plasma men semen Obstetrics & Gynecology Reproductive Biology
Page Range: pp. 649-656
Journal or Publication Title: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 16
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1472-6483(10)60478-6
ISSN: 1472-6483
Depositing User: خانم مهدیه رضائی پور
URI: http://eprints.zaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2854

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