Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

Determination of the leading central obesity index among cardiovascular risk factors in Iranian women

(2008) Determination of the leading central obesity index among cardiovascular risk factors in Iranian women. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. pp. 43-48. ISSN 0379-5721

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000254307700005


Background. It is unknown whether the waist circumference (WC) or the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk factors at different ages. Objective. To compare WC and WHR as predictors Of cardiovascular riskfactors and to determine the prevalence of some cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese adult women at different ages. Methods. In this clinical cross-sectional study, 714 overweight and obese women aged 20 to 70 years who were referred to two nutrition clinics in Sistan and Baluchestan province, Islamic Republic of Iran, were studied. The subjects were classified into three groups, 20 to < 35, 35 to < 50, and > or = 50 years of age. Anthropometric indices were measured according to the standard protocol. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and TC/HDL-C ratios were enzymatically determined. Results. Older subjects (> or = 50 years old) had significantly higher values of body mass index (BMI), WC, TC, TG, and LDL-C than those in the two younger age classes. The prevalence rates of obesity, high WC, high WHR, high TG high TG, high LDL-C, and high TC/HDL-C ratios were higher in the older subjects. After adjustment for age and BMI, multiple linear regression showed that WC was significantly related to TC and TG in the 20- to < 35-year-old group and to TG in the 35- to < 50-year-old group. In the older participants, WHR was significantly related to TG. Conclusions. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors increases with age. In clinical practice, WC is a better index for predicting some cardiovascular riskfactors in younger and middle-aged women; however, for older women, WHR is better.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: cardiovascular risk factors central obesity Iranian women coronary heart-disease to-hip ratio waist circumference anthropometric indicators abdominal adiposity canadian adults men prevalence plasma lipids Food Science & Technology Nutrition & Dietetics
Page Range: pp. 43-48
Journal or Publication Title: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 29
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0379-5721
Depositing User: خانم مهدیه رضائی پور

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