Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

Spectrum of clinical disease in a series of hospitalized HIV-infected patients from southeast of Iran

(2006) Spectrum of clinical disease in a series of hospitalized HIV-infected patients from southeast of Iran. Saudi Medical Journal. pp. 1362-1366. ISSN 0379-5284

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000241003100015

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the pattern of opportunistic infections (OIs) and non-infectious opportunistic diseases in hospitalized HIV-infected patients in Zahedan, southeast of Iran. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 52 HIV-infected patients (47 male, 5 female; age range, 21-54 years) who were admitted to Boo-Ali Hospital, Zahedan, Iran for evaluation and management of an HIV-related disorders from April 2000 to December 2005. Results: Tuberculosis (TB) was the most common opportunistic infections (53.8) followed by hepatitis C (11.5), typhoid (9.6), amebiasis (9.6), candidal esophagitis (5.7), acute bacterial pneumonia (3.8), and cerebral toxoplasmosis (1.9). Most of the cases of TB were pulmonary (36.5). Apart from other well-recognized OIs, 2 cases of HIV-associated lymphoma were encountered. Only 12 patients (23.07) received antiretroviral therapy. Five patients (9.6) died during hospital stay due to tuberculosis (4 cases) and typhoid (1 case). Conclusions: The findings show that opportunistic infections are common in HIV-infected patients in Zahedan, southeast of Iran. Tuberculosis remains the most common OIs and is the most common cause of death in these patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: human-immunodeficiency-virus tuberculosis history africa india aids General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: pp. 1362-1366
Journal or Publication Title: Saudi Medical Journal
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 27
Number: 9
ISSN: 0379-5284
Depositing User: خانم مهدیه رضائی پور
URI: http://eprints.zaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2908

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