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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

The role of childhood abuse experience and early maladaptive schemas in predicting impulsivity among patients with psychiatric disorders

(2020) The role of childhood abuse experience and early maladaptive schemas in predicting impulsivity among patients with psychiatric disorders. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction. ISSN 22518711 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: The lifelong consequences of child abuse encompasses mental health problems, to have experience of child abuse and early maladaptive schemas (EMSs), could result to impulsive behavior, in a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the role of childhood abuse experience and EMSs in predicting impulsivityamongpatients with psychiatric disorders in Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. Patient and Methods: The present research was a descriptive-analytical study. The research sample included 151 patients referring to psychiatric treatment centers. The sampling process was carried out following a pilot study, and the samples were selected from the patients who referred to psychiatric treatment centers in Zahedan from December 30, 2017 to July 29, 2018. The participants then filled out Barratt Impulsiveness scale (BIS-11), the short version of Young Schema questionnaire (YSQ), and Mohammadkhani's Child Abuse questionnaire (CASRS). The collected data was analyzed with SPSS software version 21, using descriptive statistics (i.e., frequency, mean, and standard deviation), and inferential statistics (i.e., stepwise linear regression model). Results: The resultshowedthat therewasa significant positive correlation between childhood abuseandEMSswith impulsivity. Disconnection/ rejection and other-directedness could predict motor impulsiveness (F = 38.17, p < 0.001). On the other hand, cognitive impulsiveness could be predicted by neglect and disconnection/rejection (F = 18.60, P < 0.001). Impaired autonomy, performance and impaired limits were also the predictors of non-planning impulsiveness (F = 39.73, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Childhood abuse experience and EMSs may lead to inefficient interpersonal relationships, risky behaviors, self-harm, harmful behaviors towards others, and decreased mental health during an individual's lifetime. © 2020, Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Child abuse Early maladaptive schema Impulsive behavior Mental disorders
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 9
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5812/IJHRBA.96484
ISSN: 22518711 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.zaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4118

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