Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians: A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia

(2021) The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians: A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia. PloS one. e0246824. ISSN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:


The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the economy, livelihood, and physical and mental well-being of people worldwide. This study aimed to compare the mental health status during the pandemic in the general population of seven middle income countries (MICs) in Asia (China, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam). All the countries used the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to measure mental health. There were 4479 Asians completed the questionnaire with demographic characteristics, physical symptoms and health service utilization, contact history, knowledge and concern, precautionary measure, and rated their mental health with the IES-R and DASS-21. Descriptive statistics, One-Way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and linear regression were used to identify protective and risk factors associated with mental health parameters. There were significant differences in IES-R and DASS-21 scores between 7 MICs (p<0.05). Thailand had all the highest scores of IES-R, DASS-21 stress, anxiety, and depression scores whereas Vietnam had all the lowest scores. The risk factors for adverse mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic include age <30 years, high education background, single and separated status, discrimination by other countries and contact with people with COVID-19 (p<0.05). The protective factors for mental health include male gender, staying with children or more than 6 people in the same household, employment, confidence in doctors, high perceived likelihood of survival, and spending less time on health information (p<0.05). This comparative study among 7 MICs enhanced the understanding of metal health in the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent Adult Anxiety/diagnosis/*etiology/psychology Asia/epidemiology COVID-19/*epidemiology/psychology Child Cross-Sectional Studies Depression/diagnosis/*etiology/psychology Female Humans Male *Mental Health Middle Aged Protective Factors SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification Sex Factors Socioeconomic Factors Stress, Psychological/diagnosis/*etiology/psychology Young Adult
Page Range: e0246824
Journal or Publication Title: PloS one
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 16
Number: 2
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item