Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

Toothbrushing and related factors among high school students in the Southeast of Iran: A cross-sectional study

(UNSPECIFIED) Toothbrushing and related factors among high school students in the Southeast of Iran: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Dental Hygiene. p. 6. ISSN 1601-5029

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Abstract

Introduction Dental caries is one of the most common problems in student, and tooth brushing at least twice a day is one of the preventive measures of dental caries. This study aimed to determine the frequency of daily brushing and its related factors among high school students in the southeast of Iran based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Methods In this cross-sectional study, 2045 high school students of 13-15 years from urban areas of Zahedan in the southeast of Iran with multistage random sampling were selected. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess demographic background, psychosocial constructs of the HAPA and daily brushing frequency. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors of daily brushing. Results Only 18 of participants reported tooth brushing at least twice a day, which is the desired brushing behaviour. Multivariate regression showed that increased odds of daily brushing associated with gender (OR = 2.38, 95 CI 1.84-3.08), mother education (OR = 2.27, 95 CI 1.62-3.18), father job (OR = 2.24, 95 CI 1.20-4.19), task self-efficacy (OR = 1.24, 95 CI 1.08-1.42), action planning (OR = 1.10, 95 CI 1.02-1.19) and maintenance self-efficacy (OR = 1.20, 95 CI 1.13- 1.27). Conclusion The brushing behaviour of students needs to be taken seriously in Zahedan. Motivational and volitional constructs of the HAPA include task self-efficacy, action planning, and maintenance self-efficacy could be considered in intervention programmes targeting increase adolescent brushing.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: oral health student tooth brushing oral hygiene behavior self-efficacy health intentions adolescents frequency mediation caries Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Page Range: p. 6
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/idh.12534
ISSN: 1601-5029
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.zaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5417

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